ET3 is Ready


  “Sometimes innovation is a matter of timing. A big idea comes along at just the moment when the technology exists to implement it. ---- But the main lesson to draw from the birth of computers is that innovation is usually a group effort, involving collaboration between visionaries and engineers, and the creativity comes from drawing on many sources.”

Walter Isaacson, “The Innovators” pp. 35, 85

Evacuated Tube Transport Technology, ET3, is a concept of Mr. Daryl Oster who came upon the idea when he made a mistake in mathematics; he miss-placed a zero in his drag formula calculating the force imparted by air on a moving body and came up with drag on a laminar flow object was greater than the drag on a cubed object speed which seemed unrealistic. 'Au contraire'! He kept adding zeros and discovered that it was realistic and his transportation system was born, all he had to do was design a tube that would accept car sized carriers, such that he could evacuate the air at least down to 10 to the minus 4 torr and he could reach realistic speeds exceeding 4000 mph with off-the-shelf materials. If he could levitate his carrying capsules with a magnetic levitation system that would reduce surface friction drag to small parts of a million. Although Mr. Oster wasn't the first, he did come to the concept independent of other innovators. One of the greatest innovators of the 19th and 20th centuries, Dr. Robert Goddard, held a patent on a system of the the same scientific idea in 1904, but did not have the available materials or the time to develop the system, and the patent expired many years ago. I hope the readers can remember who he was; he gave us the early rocket technology that eventually put man on the moon.

Are all of the parts and technology available? Absolutely! There are modern patented concrete materials to build the tubes that are simple, light-weight, with unbelievable strength, a factor of 10X's that required. There are rapid manufacturing methods to build piles and pylons for tube support. These materials and equipment have existed for decades; vacuum pumps that could achieve the required atmospheric pressures; linear motors for speed control; computers and software for sequencing control.

For the magnetic levitation system, the development of something special was needed. The effect of magnets has been known for centuries, at least since Tony Curtis lead “The Vikings” through the fog to raid England with his then unknown brother Kirk Douglas. These were fixed magnets. With the discovery and control of electricity, electro-magnets were built. In the case of fixed magnetics, the most magnetic and practical of the known metal/alloys is Neodymium Ferrite. There is an abundance of this material although not necessarily cheap; China has approximately 97% of the easily accessible rare earths, but their's is not the only supply. Guess who is also working on this type of transportation system? There was another key discovery in 1911 by a brilliant Dutch physicist Heike Onnes who dropped some liquid mercury on some liquid helium at a temperature of 4.2 Kelvin (remember absolute zero is 0 deg. Kelvin). At absolute zero a conducting material will have no resistance to electron flow and the first “superconductor” was discovered; fortunately the materials do not have to be cooled to that low of a temperature, just some critical temperature peculiar to a particular material. I will leave the explanation to BCS theory, Bardeen, Cooper, and Schrieffer. A superconductor in a magnetic field reaches a permanent position as long as it is kept at that particular temperature; it can hang upside down or right side up. These discoveries have made the implementation of ET3 possible.

Modern computers with their software capabilities, programming abilities, and speed of light accuracy, have made it possible to control the capsules inside the tubes, completely eliminating human error and making the system safe beyond any of our present transportation systems.

ET3 has achieved SPACE TRAVEL ON EARTH; near vacuum , near frictionless travel.


Is the timing right? Our highways are over crowded in the cities of great populations; highways are expensive to maintain; we will run out of oil which is expensive now; the cities are crowded because of economic practicalities. We must live within a reasonable distance and travel time to our place of employment. With present technology, a commute of 60 miles is excessive because of travel speeds of 30 to 60 mph limits us. What would an UN-interrupted speed of 500 mph on local routes do to that sphere of travel? This is not an average, it is the speed. At 500 mph a person could live in Los Angeles and work in Las Vegas; or live on a lake 250 miles from the place of employment and still get to work in 30 minutes. Distant high-speed travel will no longer be the province of the relative rich, but enjoyed by every body. Although solutions to current and old markets will be the driving incentive to launch the development of ET3, it will be the development of new markets that will propel it to the full vision of ET3 innovators. The dreaming is over, the conceiving is complete, and it is time to start achieving.

We need your help and leadership; we need a place; and then we will need financing.


William Durant and his wife Ariel gave us a very intellectual view of the history of man and civilizations in their very scholarly work, “The History of Civilization”, eleven volumes. They were also very kind by giving us a terrific summary in their “The Lessons of History”; you don’t have to read all eleven volumes, just read their summary. (God forbid if we have to read a book.)

In their chapter twelve on page 92 they are summarizing the growth and decay of civilizations. “When the group or a civilization declines, it is through no mystic limitation of a corporate life, but through the failure of its political or intellectual leaders to meet the challenge of change.


Richard J. Panter, Director of ET3 Global Alliance, Inc.